Varanasi, while being a city that is famous all over the globe as one of the top destinations in India, is largely perceived as a pilgrimage city where one can capture glimpses of strange Hindu customs, the pilgrims bathing in the incredibly polluted Ganges, saffron-clad Sadhus selling pseudo-spirituality to gullible foreigners, burning dead bodies on the ghats, the dope hungry hippie crowd, and to possibly experience a ‘spiritual awakening’ in one of the many temples of Varanasi. Varanasi however, has much more to offer to a traveler who is willing to shed the dump of prejudices and biases triggered by blatant misinformation.

The list of “top ten places that one must see in Varanasi” attempts to unfold and unravel the rich kaleidoscope of colors that decorate the cultural, social and spiritual fabric of Varanasi. The list is not comprehensive and is only indicative of the rich historical landscape of Varanasi and includes some of the “Best Places That You Must See in Varanasi“.


1) Varanasi Ghats:

Varanasi Ghats Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi Ghats

The ghats on the banks of the river Ganges are the soul of Varanasi. The ghats are virtually the kaleidoscope of belief, customs, and traditions that constitute the philosophy that is Varanasi. There are 84 ghats in number – huge rectangular stairs that lead to the river edge. Some of them were built as early as the 12 century while others have a more recent origin.


2) Kashi Vishwanath Temple:

Kashi Vishwanath Temple varanasi
Kashi Vishwanath Temple varanasi

Originally built in 1776 by Maharani Ahilya Devi of Indore, the towers of the temple were gold plated by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1835 who donated 1000 kg of gold. The ‘shivalinga’ in the temple 60 cm tall and 90 cm in circumference housed in a silver altar.


3) St. Mary’s Church:

St. Mary's Church Varanasi
St. Mary’s Church Varanasi

St. Mary’s is probably the oldest Protestant Church in North India outside Calcutta. The foundation stone was laid on 29th April 1810 by Daniel Corrie. This beautiful Church is situated in 11.25 acres of land and has a historic background which will be seen from the monuments in the campus of British soldiers who died in action. St Mary”s Church is situated in the cantonment area of Varanasi. This church has a low tower, spire and projecting portico. There are three simple louvered doors beneath plain cornices alternating with two bays, each with white plaster niches. Above each doorway is a rectangular fanlight, protected from the glare of the sun by a plain timber canopy – a simple device which has a major architectural impact.


4) Manikarnika Ghat:

Manikarnika Ghat varanasi
Manikarnika Ghat varanasi

Also known as the “Mahashamsana’ or the ‘ Great Cremation Ground of the World’, Manikarnika ghat is where dead are brought from all over the country to be cremated by fire. There is a ‘sacred fire’ that has been burning for centuries and it is the fire from this that is used for the cremation. It is believed that those who are cremated at Manikarnika ghat attain moksha and their souls are set free from the endless cycle of birth and death.


5) Bharat Kala Bhavan:

Bharat Kala Bhavan varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan varanasi

An archaeological museum built in the campus of the Banaras Hindu University. Established in 1920, the museum has a vast collection of over 100,000 artifacts like paintings, textiles, costumes, decorative arts, Indian philately, and literary and archival materials. The first floor has Numismatic Gallery (collection of coins), Archaeological Gallery, Decorative Art Gallery, Benaras Through the Ages Gallery and Galleries on Alice Boner and M. K. Gupta. There are some proposed extensions of galleries like the Gallery of Archive and Literary Materials, Gallery on Textiles and Costumes and a Gallery of Metal Images.


6) Ramnagar Fort:

Ramnagar Fort varanasi
Ramnagar Fort varanasi

This fort-palace was built in the eighteenth century and is the home of the king of Kashi( or Varanasi). Built in red sandstone, the fort has a museum displaying the Royal collection which includes vintage Cars, Royal palkies, an armory of swords and old guns, ivory work and antique clocks. Also, on display are ornate palanquins, gold-plated howdahs, and weapons.


7) Chunar Fort:

Chunar Fort varanasi
Chunar Fort varanasi

Built by Maharaja Vikramaditya, the king of Ujjain(in Madhya Pradesh), this fort had been the stronghold of Babar followed by Shershah Suri, Humayun, Akbar, Aurangzeb and finally,’ the Britishers. Chunar Fort is constructed at a height of 80′ to 175′ from the land level of Chunar. The fort area is approx. 3400 Sq. yard, its length is 800 yard & width is 133 to 300 yard. The Chunar Fort is located at a distance of 42 kilometers from Varanasi city. Worth seeing inside the fort are the Sonva Mandap, Raja Bhartihari Samadhi, Bevan Khamba & Solar Watch.


8) Sarnath:

Sarnath Uttar Pradesh
Sarnath Uttar Pradesh

A small town barely 12 km from Varanasi rail junction, Sarnath is one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage and heritage site. This is where the Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon. Sarnath is home to the excavated remains of the ancient Buddhist monasteries, the famous Lion capital – India’s national emblem, an archaeological museum, huge stupas including the Dhamek and Chaukhandi Stupa and many Buddhist temples built here by missions from Japan, China, Tibet, Cambodia, and others.


9) Nepali Temple:

Nepali Temple varanasi
Nepali Temple varanasi

This unique temple is situated on the Lalita Ghat on the bank of the river Ganges. The temple was commissioned by the King of Nepal and is built in the Nepali style of architecture by workers who were brought from Nepal to create this marvel. The wood used in the temple is also found in Nepal. The specialty of the wood used in the temple is that termites do not eat this wood. The temple features magnificent woodwork and there are erotic wooden sculptures built into the external columns and to the erotic sculptures, it is also called ‘mini-Khajuraho’. Another popular name for this temple is the ‘kaathwala’ temple.


10) Lakhania Dari Caves and Waterfall:

Lakhania Dari Caves and Waterfall varanasi
Lakhania Dari Caves and Waterfall varanasi

Located at a distance of around 45 kms from Varanasi are the beautiful small hills of the Vindhyanchal mountain ranges. Ensconced in the hills is a mesmerizing waterfall that drains in to a small clear water lake. This is the Lakhania Dari. A small stream originates from the lake and huge boulders are strewn all over the two km long trek that leads to the waterfall from the lake. Ancient rock caves can be seen on the rocky face of the hills that surround the region. A visual treat for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

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