About Uttar Pradesh
The name Uttar Pradesh literally means “Northern Province”. It is the most populated state in India. Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh, and Hindi is the official language of the state. Urdu is also widely spoken in regions of Uttar Pradesh. The region where the st is located now is believed to have been the place where the roots of Hinduism originated. The Magadha Empire, Mughal Empire, Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Empire were some of the dynasties that ruled from this region.
Where is Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is a state located in the Northern part of India. It shares the International border with Nepal to the north. The state is surrounded by Bihar to the east, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the south and Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttarakhand, and Haryana to the west. The holy rivers Ganga and Yamuna pass through the state and meet each other.
Kanpur, Lucknow, Allahabad, Noida, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut and Ghaziabad are some of the major cities in the state. Lucknow is the administrative capital of Uttar Pradesh. Kanpur is the largest city in this state and the industrial hub of the state. Allahabad is one of the most prominent Hindu Pilgrimage destinations in India. Varanasi, located on the banks of Ganga, is a holy city for Hindus, Jains and Buddhists. Agra, located on the banks of Yamuna, is a popular tourist destination.
The state has a number of heritage sites in the site. Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is located in Agra. The Agra Fort is another marvel that’s visited by tourists from around the world. Fatehpur Sikri housed the main Palace of the Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Uttar Pradesh has prominent pilgrimage destinations like Ayodhya the birthplace of Lord Rama, and Mathura the birthplace of Lord Krishna. The holy rivers Ganga and Yamuna run through Uttar Pradesh, and on banks of these rivers, there are many ghats that hold an important place in the religious beliefs of Hindus.
Kushinagar and Sarnath are prominent Buddhist tourist places. The Ashoka Pillar in Sarnath is of national significance. Kushinagar is the place where Gauthama Buddha breathed last.
The state has a wide variety of flora and fauna that are preserved in Dudhwa National Park, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Sandi Bird Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary. These places have a concentrated population of Tigers and Leopards and are open to tourists.
The Kumbh Mela celebrated here every 12 years sees the largest confluence of humans in a single place. Kathak is an Indian classical dance form that originated from this region.
Uttar Pradesh has a rich mythological as well as cultural and traditional importance. The fascinating Uttar Pradesh attracts a large number of tourists from all over the world. Uttar Pradesh has riches of monuments, wildlife reserves, picturesque mountains, lakes, pilgrimages and much famed hill stations like Mussoorie and Nainital. The following article presents an overview of the must witnessed tourist spots.
When a tourist visits India he always wishes to see the epitome of love- Taj Mahal. This wonder of the world monument is situated on the bank of river Yamuna. The marvelous carving of this mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal has always been an attraction for the tourist. The architecture of Taj Mahal is the finest example of the Indian Islamic Architecture.
Lucknow is the City of Rich Traditions renowned worldwide for its Nawabs culture and lip-smacking Kababs. This royal city situated on the banks of the river Gomti is visited by scores of tourists throughout the year. Tourist attractions of this place revolve around monumental buildings built by Nawabs, beautiful gardens and European buildings. Along with the architectural legacy, this place also showcases the interwoven charm of modernity with an old monument, parks, marketplaces, and narrow pathways serving gourmet cuisine. Some of the popular tourist attractions of this place are Bara Imambara, Chota Imambara, Lucknow Museum, and Rumi Darwaza.
The spiritual city of Banaras or Varanasi is the oldest city which holds a mythological meaning to Hindus. Devotees come to take the holy dip on hundreds of ghats on the bank of river Ganga as they have strong faith that this will absolve one’s sins. People navigate through these ghats and river by taking a boat ride.
Buddha delivered his first sermon at a beautiful site, Sarnath. After Enlightenment Buddha set up the first Buddhist sangha or order here, thus it is a popular pilgrim spot. The stupas show the example of Buddhist art.
The pale yellowish-grey sculpture of speckled sandstone has been erected by Emperor Ashoka in third century BC. The pillar has carved four lions back to back gazing towards the four directions. Below, are four wheels, representing dharmachakra, the bull, an elephant, the lion, and the horse. This lion capital was chosen as the emblem of the Indian Republic and also for all government documents and even on the Indian currency.
Firozabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh, India. In Ancient times the city was known as Chandwar Nagar, but during the reign of Akbar, it was named Firozabad in 1566 after the name of his Mansab Dar Firoz Shah.
The fort stretching to an area of 2.5 Km was built by Shah Jahan in 1628 alongside the Yamuna river. The walls of the fort are made up of red sandstone. The fort has two gates, the Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate but the entrance is allowed through Amar Singh Gate. Beautiful carving in marble ceilings is stunning. One special characteristic of the walls of the rooms in the marble pavilions is that they are hollow and are filled with running water to cool off the rooms. You can have sight of Taj Mahal from the fort. It gives the feeling that if Agra fort is constructed to keep a watch on Taj.
Bada Imambara is the historical monument of Lucknow which includes Asfi mosque, the Bhul-Bhulayah and a summer palace with running water. Imambara are the replicas of tombs dedicated to the Holy Prophet and his family members. Non-muslims are not allowed to enter here.
Buland Darwaza or the loft gateway at Fatehpur Sikri was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601. Akbar built the Buland Darwaza to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. The Buland Darwaza, approached by 42 steps and 53.63m high and 35 meters wide, is the highest gateway in the world and an astounding example of the Mughal architecture. It is made of red and buff sandstone, and decorated by carving and inlaying of white and black marble. An inscription on the central face of the Buland Darwaza throws light on Akbar’s religious tolerance and broad mindedness.
Fatehpur Sikri is a monumental town that has preserved its Mughal Glory and is a case study material for the students of architecture. Buland Darwaza here in Fatehpur Sikri is the massive triumphal arch built in 1575 to celebrate Akbar’s conquest of Gujarat. Mughal architecture is the best architecture in India and Buland Darwaza is an example of it.
Uttar Pradesh: At the Heart of India
Uttar Pradesh literally means the “northern province”. It’s one of the most populated sates of India. Its capital is Lucknow with Hindi being the official language. Besides, Urdu is also spoken widely in some places of the state. The present location of Uttar Pradesh is believed to be the roots where Hinduism originated. There are several famous and ancient dynasties that ruled the region.
The state, being located in the northern part of India, shares an international border with Nepal. Uttar Pradesh has concurrent state boundaries with Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Haryana and Delhi. Two very sacred rives Yamuna and Ganga cuts across the state, eventually meeting each other at Allahabad.
Noida, Kanpur, Allahabad, Meerut, Ghaziabad and Varanasi are some of the major towns and cities of Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow is also the administrative capital of the state. While Kanpur is the state’s largest city as well as the industrial hub, Allahabad is arguably the most prominent Hindu pilgrimage centers of the world. Agra, on the bank of the Yamuna river, is a big tourist destination.
The state is well connected to other parts of the country and the world by air. Uttar Pradesh has 15 domestic and four international airports. The airports at Greater Noida, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi are the most important ones. Regular flights to various international and national destinations operate from these airports.
Uttar Pradesh has the biggest railway network in India. All its towns and villages are connected to the network. Lucknow, Varanasi, kanpur and Mathura are the important stations of the state.
Regarding road connectivity, 83 state highways and 35 national highways ensure that the towns and cities of the state are effectively linked. The Golden Quadrilateral, the national highways connecting major cities of the country, passes through Allahabad, Agra, Varanasi and Kanpur.
The state has several heritage sites. Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the wonders of the world. It’s located in Agra. Besides, the Agra Fort, another marvel, is visited by tourists from all over the world. Close to Agra is Fatehpur Sikri, an erstwhile capital of the Mughal Emperor Akbar.
There are a number of pilgrimage destinations in the state. According to Hindu mythology, Ayodhya and Mathura are considered to be the birthplaces of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna respectively. The banks of the Ganga and Yamuna are considered to be holy by people belonging to the Hindu community. Thousands of tourists from all over the world visit Varanasi, considered to be one of the holiest pilgrimage destinations.
The state is blessed with an extensive variety of flora and fauna. The Pilbhit Tiger reserve, Dudhwa National Park, Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and the Sandi Bird Sanctuary are habitats of leopards and tigers and are open for tourists.
How to Reach
Air: There are 4 International Airports and 15 Domestic Airports in this state. Lucknow Airport, Taj International Airport in Greater Noida, Kanpur Airport and Varanasi Airport are the most important airports in the state. These airports ply regular flights that connect the state effectively with prominent national and international destinations.
Rail: All cities and rural regions in the state are effectively connected by the Railway Network. Uttar Pradesh has the largest railway network for any state in India. Lucknow railway station, Varanasi junction, Kanpur railway station and Mathura junction are prominent railway stations in the state.
Road: 35 National Highways and 83 State Highways in the state ensure that all the cities and towns within and outside the state are linked effectively. The national Golden Quadrilateral passes through Varanasi, Allahabad, Kanpur, and Agra in the state.